Music is an inseparable part of everyday life. There is an allusion in English that says “music makes the world goes round” or music makes the world go round. Because music is what often becomes a friend at work, when you feel happy, and when you feel sad.
Imagine if the world didn’t know music. Saturation will hit, making us not excited about doing activities. When you are sad, there will be no soothing notes that can lift your mood.
This is an indication of how important music is in human life. Alan P. Merriam in the book The Anthropology Of Music describes some of the functions of music. Here is the explanation:
The Function of Emotional Expression
Music serves as a medium for expressing one’s feelings, emotions, and ideas. These emotions are expressed through songs or musical rhythms.
That’s why there are various kinds of atmosphere in music. There is music that has a cheerful, warm, heartbreaking atmosphere, and so on.
Aesthetic Appreciation Function
According to Anthropologist Koentjaraningrat, music is part of art, and art is one of the elements of culture. Music as an element of culture means that music is created by humans to fulfill their needs, one of which is the need for beauty or aesthetics. Through music, we can feel the values of beauty both through melody and dynamics.
Music has elements that are entertaining. This is because music consists of a series of harmonious tones and rhythms. Music as entertainment aims to bring pleasure and inner satisfaction to those who play and listen to it. This can be judged by the melody or the lyrics.
The function of music as a communication tool is to become a medium for conveying good values, religious values or beliefs, and values about politeness or norms through melodies or song lyrics from music creators to listeners.
Function as Accompaniment of Rhythmic Activities
Music stimulates human nerve cells, causing the listener’s body to move along with the music. Therefore, music functions as an accompaniment to rhythmic activities such as dancing, gymnastics, and dancing.
Music as Community Integrity
Music can foster unity and integrity because music can be a forum for community gatherings. By watching music performances, residents will gather and communicate with each other. Indirectly, music can strengthen ties.
Cultural Sustainability Function
Music contains teachings to pass on a system in culture to the next generation. For example, every region in Indonesia has traditional music as a characteristic of its culture. When people hear the music, they can tell which area the music came from.
Music is not just a medium for expressing ideas. As a creative work, music can be used as a profession that brings prosperity, both materially and non-materially.